success of learning a foreign language is determined by many factors - the child's innate abilities, his interest in the subject, the skill of the teacher.The important role played by the timely introduction kid with a new language.The controversy over the optimal language learning age has been going on for quite some time.There are three basic approaches - the progressive (the sooner - the better), methodically verified (5-6 years) and conscious (decision to learn a foreign language should be a conscious choice of the child).Consider the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Foreign Language from the cradle
early learning theory is based on the imitative behavior of children.Even without understanding the language of the proposed units and structures child will unconsciously repeat them, then remember and connect with certain objects and actions.Proponents of such a progressive approach consider it possible familiarity with foreign speech as early as age one.It should be recognized that the first
process of learning a foreign language a child under four years must necessarily be continuous.Parents who decide to experiment with early training, be sure to ask your teacher material studied in the classroom, and his work with the child at home (to master the necessary minimum of baby language skills is able to absolutely anyone interested parent).Stock up on audio recordings and educational cartoons for children.Listening to the English song or rhyme may be a separate occupation - in this case the audio material to be supported by visual images, demonstration pictures or toys.It is also good to include songs in a foreign language as a backdrop for daily activities and games children.Do not ask the kid a good perseverance - the duration of employment of a foreign language with a child under 4 years of age should not exceed 20 minutes, and 1-2 years of great achievement is even a 10-minute session focused.Once the baby starts to lose interest - stop the lesson.And remember that at such an early age foreign language lessons are more familiarity with the subject than his conscious study.
too early immersion in a foreign language it can present a danger to the emerging speech kid - a child may confuse similar sounds of native and foreign language (for example, say the Russian sound "k" with characteristic English phonetics aspiration).
time, the most favorable for the assimilation of certain knowledge, called sensitive period.The most favorable age for a child to explore a foreign language psychologists and educators consider the period from 4 to 6 years.By age four, most children already have the concept of the structure of the native language correctly pronounce all the sounds.They can concentrate for 30-40 minutes.The optimal number of sessions in that period - 2-3 times a week.However, a deep understanding of the language of the child to wait is not necessary and does not make sense, the highest result of education at this stage may be a recognition on hearing the simplest lexical units and grammatical structures, reaction to them, as well as mastery of basic formulas of everyday communication (greetings, introduction, some informationAbout Me).
Get basic knowledge of a foreign language preschooler may only if the correct feed.That is why the choice of a teacher or developing studio should be approached very carefully.The leading type of activity in children 4-6 years old is still a game, so the classes must be built in a relaxed form of a game.The very attempt to explain to the kid that age any grammatical rules and laws can be considered a manifestation of lack of professionalism, especially if it is done on the fingers or with the help of diagrams.Getting to know the alphabet is also desirable to defer to the first class.Education Early Childhood is unthinkable without the use of a bright and colorful visual supports - pictures and toys, so do not hesitate to ask, if a teacher (school of) such materials.Outdoor games kids and their movement within the class in the classroom foreign language may seem strange to some parents, and yet this approach is very productive - as mostly kinesthetic, young children are receptive to information through movement, touch, and even - the sense of smell.Another extremely sensitive and finely tuned analyzer - is a children's hearing and in order not to spoil this wonderful mechanism for learning pronunciation of the teacher should be impeccable.Correct wrong set of foreign speech sounds is much more difficult than learning new.
all known truth says that never late to learn.It was followed by her parents, not hurrying to familiarize their child with a foreign language.Their main argument - the conscious desire of the child to learn a new language for him, contributing to more successful mastering the material.To help "later realize" - all kinds of intensive courses, applying the technique of immersion in a foreign language.Feedback from students, such activities can be very effective, and in a year or two the child will be passable to communicate in the target language in everyday life.The only danger - the impermanence of children's interests in the absence of understanding of "the importance of language skills in a modern society."But you can change this by explaining to the child that if he knows the language, you will be able to travel to other countries, study in foreign schools or university, and thus his life is interesting and rich - he can communicate with people from different countriesand see the world.