Vitamin educational program
Vitamin A (retinol) - a powerful antioxidant with a broad range of effects on the body.Vitamin A is essential for the health of the eye, teeth, bones, increases resistance to viruses.High concentrations of retinol is found in liver and fish oils.And also in the hips, buckthorn, dried apricots, celery, spinach.
Vitamin A - fat soluble, so to digest only in the presence of fats.Salads, rich in vitamin A, the expectant mother is better to fill a fat sour cream.Overdose retinol dangerous form of congenital heart disease and the violation of the child's nervous system.
B vitamins B are among the vitamins that can not accumulate in the body, they need to be replenished on a daily basis, using appropriate products and preparations.It is an important vitamin that group is vitamin B6 - pyridoxine, which helps pregnant women to cope with leg cramps, toxicity and nervousness in the early stages.It promotes the development of the central nervous system of the fetus.B6 is invo
main sources of B-complex are fish, nuts, wheat bran.According to statistics, every one hundred pregnant women found a deficit of B vitamins, which is fraught with insomnia, nausea, and even abrupt onset of tooth decay!
Folic acid - one of the first vitamins Groups B, appointed early pregnancy.Vitamin B9 is essential for the development of the nervous and circulatory system of the fetus.In addition, folic acid can reduce the risk of birth defects in the child and the expectant mother will help to cope with toxemia.Typically prescribed to take pills, but also the B9 contains spinach, pumpkin, melon, carrot, egg yolks, apricots, beans.Folate is also found in broccoli and greens.Saturate the body with vitamin B9 to be up to 12 weeks of pregnancy.
Folic acid deficiency threatened preterm labor, and abnormalities in the development of the spinal cord and "neural tube" baby.
Vitamin C familiar to us from childhood as ascorbic acid.It is necessary for the proper functioning of connective and bone tissue, and is also involved in the creation of collagen, which helps pregnant women to deal with problems such as stretch marks and varicose veins.Also, ascorbic acid has a protective function of the body, helping to resist viruses and infections, which can be extremely dangerous for the unborn child.Vitamin C helps to better assimilate iron.Vitamin C deficiency is fraught with reduced immunity, increased frequency of respiratory and gastrointestinal diseases.
Most vitamin C is found in berries, rose hips, citrus, sauerkraut and black currants.
Vitamin D and Omega 3 complex usually assigned in the third trimester as the prevention of rickets in the unborn child.The source of these vitamins is fish and fish oil.Also, vitamin D is found in egg yolk and milk.Omega-3 complex prevents blood clots in vessels.Lack vitamin D during pregnancy prevents fetus well absorb calcium, a calcium deficiency, in turn, leads to weakness of bone and teeth.
Vitamin E - antioxidant refers to a group of fat-soluble substances and is considered the most « female vitamin ».And all because it normalizes the production of female sex hormones, prevents miscarriage in early pregnancy and, most importantly, involved in the creation of the placenta.Women who are at the planning stage of pregnancy, also recommended to take vitamin E because it helps regulate the menstrual cycle and normalize metabolism.Vitamin E - it is NOT a hormonal drug!The daily dose of vitamin during pregnancy should not exceed 15 mg.Most vitamin E found in vegetable oils and fish oils, as well as tomatoes, parsley, peas, spinach, dog rose.A small amount is found in meat and beef liver, eggs and dairy products.
Iron is necessary for the prevention of anemia in pregnant women in which the fetus receives too little oxygen that can cause chronic hypoxia.According to statistics, 9 out of 10 pregnant women revealed iron deficiency anemia, so in the second and third trimesters requires oral iron.
intake of iron in the body can provoke products such as red meat, especially beef, beans, apples, dried fruit.
Iodine is essential for synthesis of thyroid hormones, is involved in the formation of the skeleton and the central nervous system of the baby.Assign iodine in early pregnancy to avoid fetal anomalies.If insufficient intake of iodine in the mother's body, there is a risk of having mentally retarded children.Sources of iodine are: sea salt, seafood, dried figs.
Calcium - mineral component that protects unborn baby from rickets. Calcium during pregnancy reduces the risk of miscarriage and premature birth, reduces blood loss during childbirth, allowing pregnant women keep their teeth.It participates in the formation of skeletal muscle tissue and nervous systems of the child.The main signs of a lack of calcium in the body of the future mother are: the desire to eat chalk, hair loss and tooth decay during pregnancy.
order to replenish calcium should include in your diet milk, dairy products, cheese, broccoli, spinach, beans and beets.
Magnesium without reason called the main metal of life, because it is the basic building material for bone tissue.The parameters of the fetus, and it was his height, weight, volume of the head and the chest, directly depend on the amount ingested magnesium mother.Magnesium is an important component for the health of the mothers: it regulates vascular tone and uterus, thus helping to prevent complications during pregnancy is associated with high blood pressure.
Magnesium deficiency leads to nervous breakdowns, muscle cramps in the legs, which often occur in late pregnancy.You must also know that without magnesium the body can not absorb calcium.
most magnesium found in legumes, nuts, oats and buckwheat, as well as seafood, spinach, carrots and citrus.
When to start taking vitamins during pregnancy?
First you need to take into account that it is not necessary to look for a single drug that would contain all the necessary material to you because at different stages of pregnancy require different vitamins and minerals.
In first trimester, doctors recommend taking folic acid and vitamin E, and lean on foods high in vitamin A, C, iodine, calcium and magnesium.
During the second trimester , in addition to the iodine and calcium, the most important for the body's iron becomes pregnant.
Third trimester is characterized by the addition of vitamin D, omega-W as extremely important for the life and development of the child.
should also remember that vitamins - it is a necessity, so you need to abide by the terms and dosage, as worse than a lack of vitamins can be only their excess.