Diabetes and Pregnancy

What is diabetes

So diabetes - a disease of the metabolism, which reduces the body's ability to digest carbohydrates, while the level of sugar in the blood rises.

There are insulin-dependent diabetes (type I diabetes) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (type II diabetes).The first type of diabetes develops most often in children and young people.Develop your insulin sharply reduced or completely stopped.Therefore, the input of artificial insulin is required.The second type of diabetes usually occurs in people older than 30-40 years.Insulin is produced, but the body is not susceptible to it.Usually the cause of this type of diabetes is obesity.

Planning baby and pregnancy in diabetes

Diabetes - a hereditary disease, but the risk is not so great (only 4-6%), to refuse to have children.So if you decide to take this step, and diabetes, even before conception go consultation with an endocrinologist, ophthalmologist, nephrologist.Compliance with the recommendations of the doctor and receive

the necessary medication to rule out severe malformations of the child.Sometimes, when the first type of diabetes, the condition of the pregnant woman is markedly improved.This happens usually because of the load takes the pancreas of a child, so in spite of the well-being, self-change treatment in any case impossible.

Once you find out that you are pregnant, be sure to hand over the entire range of necessary tests , it helps to recognize the problem.

Gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes

If diabetes was first diagnosed during pregnancy, in most cases - gestational diabetes, that is, after the birth the blood sugar level to normal.

This type of diabetes greatly affects the child as sugar easily crosses the placenta and, consequently, increases in the baby's blood.These babies are usually born large.Often develops state of hypoglycemia - a decrease in blood sugar levels.Three weeks after birth, these effects disappear.

In gestational diabetes for the mother is very important:

  • strict diet;
  • limitation animal fats and total calories;
  • regular and balanced diet (eat: cabbage, cucumbers, lettuce, tomatoes, zucchini, beets, unsweetened fruit, fish, lean meats, dairy products, vegetable oil);
  • constant monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Continuous monitoring of physician and compliance with all of its recommendations are sure to help you make a healthy baby.

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