Statistics emergency room looks scary: in winter the number of injuries increased by 2-3 times.More than half of the cases it appeals bruises, sprains, dislocations and fractures.The remaining 40% is divided between cuts, frostbite and burns from fireworks.
bruises and fractures
While skating, skiing, snowboarding, sledding and buns most common soft tissue trauma injuries. Bruising is not equivalent to bruise , it hurts longer and require treatment.Bruised foot may be closed fractures or cracks. If you hit, and half an hour later the pain is still strong, and the motion is enhanced - it uschib .It is necessary to apply ice, or a sore spot swell, and possibly immobilize the injured limb.If the injury occurred in the back, you need to lie down and not move until the arrival of the doctor, to prevent damage to the spine Do not neglect the urgent visit to the emergency room and X-ray diffraction.However, if after fifteen minutes the pain subsided, nothing is swollen, so this time you escaped with
sprains and strains
especially dangerous joint damage that occurs when moving above their capabilities.Embarrassing slipping, losing his balance or making a sudden movement of skiing or skating, you can stretch the ligaments.On the street if you can not place a patient examination ligament damage is difficult to diagnose, but once there usually sharp cutting pain, then the damaged area quickly becomes swollen, possibly bruising under the skin .Most often injured knee ligament, if it happened to you - knee Wrap an elastic bandage or wear a bandage fixing, not to bend the leg when walking. Then consult a doctor, because if you break the bunch, it must be stapled.
sprains necessary to smear the affected area such as anti-inflammatory ointments Diclofenac, Fastum gel and so on., And wearing a bandage fixing, preferably with a rigid lateral faces.
wounds and cuts
The output at the rink, on the ice at a time when there are many people in the fall, you can cut your clothing or skin blade.
In the case of cut wounds , the first thing you need to hold the wound tissue and leave the rink.Then quickly wash the wound and hold it tightly again.If important blood vessels are damaged, and the blood does not go too far, disinfect the wound edges rubbing alcohol, hydrogen peroxide or 2% iodine solution (but not pour into the wounds ), apply a clean bandage.
If you cut a deep, jagged wound or cut off a large piece of skin, you should consult your doctor, maybe you may need stitches.
For those who know what a -35, sunny day with a temperature of -10 seem warm.However, with such a light frost can get frostbite if a day frolicking in the snow.No matter how much fun it was on a hill or skating rink, every half hour and every hour a child to an adult you need to go into the room to warm up, change clothes socks and mittens.
To frostbitten face, brush the skin with a fat cream and hygienic lipstick lips.
first signs of frostbite - pale skin, tingling and burning sensations, numbness of the skin. Note: at second-degree frostbite on the skin surface are formed blisters filled with clear liquid. Therefore, if you notice this symptom, then before you go to the doctor apply on frosted parts with sterile bandages warming.
If frostbite in no case do not lubricate the skin oil and fat creams , it should have been done before.
For more information about emergency measures at frostbite you can read here.