early toxicosis - the phenomenon is quite commonplace, is considered the norm for a short period of pregnancy.While late toxicosis - preeclampsia during pregnancy - illness, much rarer and conceals many dangers.
pregnancy complication called preeclampsia, in which there is a spasm of the blood vessels, and as a result, there is a lack of blood supply.
causes of preeclampsia during pregnancy is still not exactly known.Some scientists believe that preeclampsia develops against the background of the neuroses, and various endocrine disorders, while others blame the immunity and genetics. Statistics also states often manifested preeclampsia in nulliparous women under the age of 20 and after 30 years. also at risk include women suffering from pyelonephritis, obesity or, conversely, underweight, high or low blood pressure;those who have observed multiple pregnancy or a large fruit.
symptoms of preeclampsia during pregnancy
very first sign of preeclampsia are swelling. And they can be both obvious and hidden.That is why it is very important to visit an obstetrician-gynecologist and take all the necessary tests.No wonder at a late stage of pregnancy intervals between visits to the doctor by the rules are reduced to seven days.A woman can feel good and not notice any changes, and only on the basis of expert studies may be diagnosed in time.
If you take place to be obvious swelling and you are aware of what is happening, in any case, do not self-medicate. Preeclampsia - a disease that must be treated in a hospital under the supervision of medical staff.Another important symptom of preeclampsia during pregnancy (also detectable in a clinical setting) - proteinuria, or, more simply, the presence of protein in the urine.And last symptom - an increase in pressure.In this regard, women may experience headaches and nausea.
How dangerous preeclampsia
When preeclampsia due to impaired blood flow affects the vital organs of a woman: the brain, liver and kidneys. Also do not forget that the placenta is mostly made up of blood vessels, so the lack of blood supply leads to a lack of oxygen in the fetus and slows its progression.
Remember: it is important to carefully monitor your body during pregnancy, as advanced forms of preeclampsia can lead to severe cramping, which may be a consequence of a stroke, or death of the mother of the child.
Treatment of preeclampsia
Preeclampsia during pregnancy is almost impossible to cure. The only treatment is to maintain the status pregnant, permanent control, prevention of deterioration and if no improvement occurs, stimulation of labor.
If diagnosed with preeclampsia, a pregnant woman was in the hospital every day passes control of weight gain, blood pressure, urine output (the ratio of the volume of the discharged liquid and drunk).It is also regularly taken blood tests and various analyzes of urine.
Prevention of preeclampsia
Of course, the disease is easier to prevent than to cure.The correct attitude towards their health, and a special "pregnancy" as greatly reduce the risk of preeclampsia during pregnancy.What to do to avoid possible danger?
1. mode of work and rest. Often walk, breathe fresh air, try less nervous and refrain from strenuous exercise, get enough sleep.
2. A ban on the use of alcohol and not smoking - it goes without saying and is not discussed.
3. Swimming.In the absence of contraindications swimming - a great sport and leisure for pregnant women.
4. High-grade, and most importantly, varied diet. not need to eat for two, but limit itself around not worth it.It is enough to reduce the consumption of sweet, spicy and greasy.Get plenty of whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as protein foods (low-fat meat and cottage cheese).